The Ritual Potting of Pothos (Epiprenum aurem) feat. Nick H

February 20th, 2012

Well it’s mid-February, and here in Burlington, VT it already feels like spring. Trees outside are confused, breaking buds too early in the season. Houseplant growth-rates have picked back up as the days get longer. It’s time to start feeding your houseplants again. I’m using a 1/2 strength fertilizer dilution for the next month or two, before going back to full strength.

Anyway, my friend Nick asked me to help him take some cuttings of his Pothos plant. And frankly, the dude needs more plants. So I agreed.

Here are a few shots from our session.

 

Cuttings waiting to be potted up

 

You’ve all seen this stuff before. Pothos is one of the most popular houseplants because it is so easy to propagate, and because it will grow vigorously anywhere.

The cuttings were placed in water for about 2-3 weeks, until roots were visible, then transplanted into commercial potting soil. We got lucky with the containers, scoring 6″ plastic pots at a second-hand store for $0.25 each.

 

Nick with his cuttings

 

Come on Nick, smile!

If you have an over-grown, leggy plant why not hack it back and double (or triple) your stock? I take cuttings at least once a year from each of my plants. Anyone else hack their Pothos into pieces recently?

I guess that’s it. Not much more to say on Pothos propagation–there are several articles here on that topic already. Thanks for reading!

 

 

Blue Steel?

 

 

Erika’s Collection of Houseplants

November 7th, 2011

My friend Erika recently graduated from Green Thumb University. And with her confidence soaring, she went out and bought a bunch of houseplants. Exciting news!

Erika sent in some pictures of her growing collection (pun intended) for our critiques, comments, and tips.

Here we see a nice little Aloe plant. This plant looks healthy and strong. Except for needing a larger container in the near future, I’d say it looks good. Make sure to let it dry out completely between waterings.  In my experience, Aloe grows best in Terra Cotta containers like this one, because these containers dry out faster than plastic or ceramic.

 

 

Next we have a lucious Arrowhead vine. This plant also looks healthy and strong. Arrowhead vines thrive in low-light conditions, which makes them a perfect candidate for fluorescent-lighted offices. The constant “cool” light is perfect for this plant, which really does appear to be thriving.

 

 

Here we see a small Dracaena marginata sitting next to what I can only assume was a wig from someone’s Halloween costume. Dracaena marginata likes high light, and will thrive in a south, west, or even east-facing window. Allow the soil to dry out somewhat between waterings– the plant should never become mummified, but should be over-watered either. Also be careful not to over-fertilize D. marginata, as they are among the slower-growing tropicals.

 

 

Here we have a nice looking Pothos cutting. These are also great office plants as they thrive under a mellow fluorescent light. This plant looks like was taken as a cutting and has developed quite a root system. It could be allowed to continue to grow in water, or transplanted to soil. If you decide to transplant it, make sure to prune the roots back before you do.

 

 

Next we have a Spider plant and a Jade plant. The spider plant appears to be rooted in water, and thriving. This could also be transplanted into soil–trim it’s roots when you do and watch it double in size. In soil, Spider plants do not like to be over-watered or over-fed. They are pretty low-maintenance plants though, so I feel like the more I write about them the greater chance I have of confusing you. Whatever you’re doing with this guy, it is working. Are these plants under a desk lamp?

I would also recommend letting the Jade plant dry out in between waterings. I’ve heard that these guys grow differently in CA as they do here in VT, but Jade is still a succulent plant so make sure not to drown it!

 

 

This is a succulent, a Sedum species I think. These guys are easy propagated by leaf cuttings, and it looks like this guy has dropped some leaves that are ready to go! Plant these leaves in a well-draining cactus and succulent soil mix and watch as a new plantlet grows from the rooted leaf. Once you’ve planted the cutting, keep it out of direct light for a few days and then treat it exactly like the parent plant, making sure to let it dry out somewhat between waterings.

 

 

Last but certainly not least, we have one of my all-time favorite houseplants: the Wandering jew. Cuttings like this root easily in soil or water. Make sure to continually pinch out the terminal growing tips to encourage lateral growth, or else these plants will get long and leggy quick. Be careful of their delicate stem too, which break easily making new cuttings for you when you don’t even want them. I’d let this one continue to grow in his watery home, but sometime when you get a whole bunch of cuttings like this you can plant them in soil.

 

 

Thanks for sending in these pictures Erika! Let us know if you have any more questions. Looks like you’re well on your way to houseplant success!

Winterization 101: Preparing your houseplants for winter

September 28th, 2011

As summer winds to a close and fall is beginning to show it’s face, I thought I’d share a few tips for preparing your houseplants for winter.

First of all, if you haven’t already, it’s time to begin thinking about bringing your tropical houseplants back indoors. I had many of my tropical plants outside on my back porch for the summer. But as temperatures begin to fall lower and lower at night, they’ll need make their way back into your house for the cold season. The best way to transition your houseplants back inside is to leave them outside during the day, take them in at night, and put them back outside during the day. This technique is known as “hardening off” your houseplants, and it is the best way to prevent them from being damaged from any serious shock that could occur during this period. Remember, tropical plants aren’t happy in temperatures below 60 degrees Fahrenheit.

It should be noted, also, that cacti and succulents are comfortable outside longer than tropical plants. While I have already begun hardening off my tropical houseplants, my cacti and succulents are still outside full time and will continue to live out there until nighttime temperatures get down to around 40 degrees Fahrenheit. At that point they should be hardened off in the same way as your tropical plants, and treated for pests as appropriate.

When I am hardening off my houseplants I also make sure to clean them to make sure I don’t bring any insect pests into my house. I use an insect cleaning soap for this. It is also a good idea to quarantine them for a few days until you are sure they are pest free before you place them back among your other plants.

During this time you’ll notice that your houseplants will begin to grow more slowly. Tropical plants do not go dormant in the home, but their growth rate slows during the fall and winter months. Depending on the conditions in your home you should also cut your feeding to compensate for this. You may notice some stress on your plants but this is normal–don’t freak out and do anything drastic, if your plants drop a few leaves they’ll be OK.

Questions regarding winterization of your houseplants? Email us!

Thanks for reading.

-HPB

Sago Palm ROT

September 6th, 2011

About a year ago I bought a nice Sago Palm (Cycas revoluta) for my mother. The reason I bought this plant for her is because they are super easy, almost impossible to kill. Well, she did her best to prove me wrong.

All jokes aside, when I noticed that the plant had stopped producing new growth, and that the existing foliage was slowly dying off I decided to bring the plant to HPB HQ for examination.

When I pulled the Sago Palm out of its pot, I immediately noticed that the root ball was almost completely rotten. Now, if this wasn’t such an incredibly hardy houseplant, it would have gone right into the compost pile. And honestly, it still may be destined for compost–I do not have much experience with Sago Palms. But I decided to give it my best shot.

The root ball is mostly rotten and covered in some kind of fungus

You can see that there is some sort of fungus growing around the root ball, probably due to poor drainage and/or improper watering. Again, as much as I’d love to blame my mother for this, I really can’t.

If the fungus was already present in the roots when I bought the plant, there wasn’t much that could have been done. This is one of the dangers associated with buying plants from big box stores (in this case Home Depot)– they are inexpensive, and often times you get just what you pay for.

Rotten roots

Soaking the root ball

I cleaned off all the rotten root mass (over 90% of the root ball), cleaned away all of the fungus, and treated it plant with a diluted fungicide. Here you can see the roots soaking in order to make this process easier. I had to be careful to both remove all of the rot, and not to damage the remaining roots.

The remaining roots

After the plant was clean, I gave it’s container a thorough cleaning and re-potted it in a nice well-draining mix. Again, I don’t have much experience with these guys, but I do know that they like to dry out. So I used a commercial cactus soil with about 1/5 added perlite to ensure proper drainage.

I’m going to hold off posting a picture of the finished product until I’m sure the plant survived. Usually this is evident when you can see new growth on the plant, so we’ll just have to wait and see. Keep your fingers crossed for us, and thanks for reading!

Free Houseplants for HPB members!

August 31st, 2011

Hey folks,

In conjunction with our annual houseplant sale, HouseplantBlog is offering free houseplants for registered HPB members! That’s right–come and get ‘em. Or email us to schedule a pick-up.

Hope you’re all enjoying the end of a wonderful summer (it’s not over yet…) and getting your houseplants ready for the fall.

Happy planting!

 

-HPB

Annual Houseplant Sale!

June 25th, 2011

As you may have heard, HPB has just begun it’s annual houseplant sale. Here’s a sneak peak at some of what we have in store:

 

Mother-of-millions. Many of these already have plantlets growing on their leaves!

 

 

The mystical succulent!

 

 

Some lanky new spider babies. They fill in very quickly.

 

Plectranthus amboinicus, "Mexican mint"

 

 

 

And more to come, including Sanseviera “Snake plants”, Tradescantia zebrina “wandering jews,” Ficus benjamina “Fig trees.” Email dave@houseplantblog.com or stop by our Burlington, Vt headquarters next week to pick up your plants.

 

Happy houseplant-ing!

 

 

 

 

Houseplants in Florida

June 15th, 2011

Hey folks,

Sorry for the lack of activity here over the last couple of weeks. We’ve been super-busy over here at HPB with lots of new projects in the works.

Recently, I took a trip to Florida and thought I’d share a few pictures I took of tropical plants down there. Being from the northern hemisphere, it is always fun to see tropical “houseplants” growing outside, used in landscaping and other large outdoor plantings. It’s easy to forget that the Dracaena growing in a little pot on your desk would be a full-sized tree in it’s natural habitat, or that the Pothos vines in your livingroom would spread quickly as grown cover in a tropical setting.

So here are a few shots I took, forgive the lack of resolution–my camera battery died, so I had to take these with a mobile device.

Variegated dwarf Schefflera planted as a hedge around palm trees.

 

 

Dracaena growing outside in partial sun

 

Another shot of this neat Dracaena. These guys are everywhere in Florida.

 

Croton growing along side the road as part of a hedge

 

Snake plants growing in full sun in a public park

 

Philodendrons growing in a bed next to a building

 

Scheflerra arbicola growing free next to a building

 

Variegated pothos growing in partial sun next to a hedge of Dwarf Schefflera

 

Mature Norfolk Island Pine. These trees were easily 50 feet tall, and probably over 70 years old.

 

Mother-of-millions growing in a container in full sun

 

Tradescantia grows like a weed.

 

Monstera deliciosa used as part of an ornate landscape design

 

A huge ficus tree with aerial roots that have grown into the trunk

 

Massive agave plants.

Look out for more information on these tropical plants here soon. Thanks for reading!

 

No Geranium is safe!

May 26th, 2011

To continue encouraging you folks to prune your houseplants, I decided to decapitate another one of mine.

This Geranium was purchased as an annual last year, but I decided to bring it in at the end of the season and keep it as a houseplant. Geraniums are super easy to care for. They will adapt to a wide variety of lighting conditions, and can survive drying out between waterings. I’ve put mine back outside for the season, and when I did so I decided to remove all the straggly growth from this previous winter.

Here you see the unkempt Geranium. I pretty much let it go all winter long. It lived in an east window, receiving morning sun, but as a result of the decrease in light the new growth from this winter was leggy and scraggly.

This is another situation where total defoliation isn’t really necessary for the plant’s survival, but I find that using this technique will keep the plant looking great. By hacking it back you encourage branching, compact bushy growth, and a less leggy look. Here is the end result:

As you can see, I left the newest buds intact but removed literally every other leaf. The plant now lives outside in full sun and it won’t be long before this guy has a whole new set of leaves. Have you been inspired to hack back any of your houseplants this spring? Send us a picture!

-HPB

Potting up a Spider plant (Chlorophytum comosum)

May 24th, 2011

A friend of mine gave me some baby Spider plants which I had put in water until they rooted.

Spider plants are one of the easiest houseplants to care for, and definitely the easiest to propagate. Mature plants send off fully formed “babies” that will root just about anywhere. You don’t even have to start them in water, as I have. You can place a baby Spider plant directly into a container of soil and it will root just fine.

I chose a painted 5″ terra cotta pot that I found at a yard sale. It is important to make sure you clean and sterilize your containers between uses if you intend to re-use them. By doing this you will limit that chances that your plant catches any insect or bacterial pests that may have lead to the demise of the containers last resident.

Dig a little hole and carefully place the plant into it’s new home.

And as always, make sure you water it in! That’s it, easy peasy. I’ll have a bunch of new Spider plants to give away in the coming weeks if anyone wants them. Let me know, make comments people!

Thanks for reading!

Ficus elastica (Rubber tree) HACKED!

May 23rd, 2011

During the growing season I like to prune all of my houseplants. Pruning is essential to houseplant maintenance, and is the ultimate cure for your leggy houseplants. People have often told me that I am obsessed with pruning, and this might be true.  I like to push the envelope. But I also believe that pruning serves an important purpose in keeping your houseplants happy and healthy.

Here is a picture of my Ficus elastica. It is a healthy plant that lived in an east window all winter. It didn’t grow very much over the winter, but it didn’t really suffer either. There were a few instances of buds dying off, but other than that the Rubber tree just kind of hung out.

Notice that the leaves look a little haggard from a  particularly long winter. Now that it’s warmer and it’s starting to grow more actively, I decided to hack it back. The first thing I did was pinch off all the new buds. Some of these were spindly and weak, and others were fine. I got rid of all of them.

You can see that this Rubber tree is actually composed of 7 individual stems. This plant was given to me by my former roommate Jay, who had let it grow pretty much unchecked for the last  7-10 years. This hack-job is actually the third in a series of complete defoliations I’ve done with this plant over the last three years. The first was done pretty much out of necessity, as the Ficus elastic was horribly infested with scale (my least-favorite insect pest). The subsequent treatments were done basically to style the plant into a compact form.

So I started from the top and carefully cut off each of the leaves. Here you can see the plant with about half of it’s leaves remaining.

I used my Felco F-5 pruners for this job. You can see them in the picture above–stainless steel with rubberized red grips. They are absolutely my favorite indoor/outdoor gardening toy. These are some pretty serious snips. Granted, they may have been a little overkill for this job, but I use them every chance I get.

 

Felco glory shot.

And here is the finished product. You can see that the structure of the tree in pretty much intact, less the foliage. All the smaller branches you see are a result of the last defoliation. I actually have pictures of that too, if anyone wants to see an exhaustive 3-year study of this plant.

Like I said earlier, pruning is a great way to keep your houseplants looking good and growing strong. Pruning is part of the fun of creating a healthy plant. You don’t have to go to the extent that I have to properly prune your houseplants, but take a little off the top every once and a while and see what happens. Thanks for reading!

-HPB